At the beginning of the 20th century, new European architectural trends arrived in Tunisia’s towns and cities. Art Nouveau, Art Deco and Arabisance crept into Arabic architecture. In the 1940s, a modern school of Tunisian painting was born, the Tunis School. Today, there is a real explosion in artistic expression. Photography, plastic arts, performances and installations are regularly showcased in art galleries and public spaces during the Dream City biennale. Tunisian theatre, born in the 1910s, explores new territories, as does contemporary dance, music and cinema, celebrated by a Pan-African festival founded in 1966.